Linguistics is the scientific study of human language. Linguistics can be broadly broken into three categories or subfields: the study of language form, that of language meaning, and that of language in a broader context. Source: Wikipedia

This section is mostly for definition of linguistic terms used in the description of languages.

There are several subdivisions:

  1. Based on linguistic structures
    • Phonetics, the study of the physical properties of speech (or signed) production and perception
    • Phonology, the study of sounds (or signs) as discrete, abstract elements in the speaker's mind that distinguish meaning
    • Morphology, the study of internal structures of words and how they can be modified
    • Syntax, the study of how words combine to form grammatical sentences
    • Semantics, the study of the meaning of words (lexical semantics) and fixed word combinations (phraseology), and how these combine to form the meanings of sentences
    • Pragmatics, the study of how utterances are used in communicative acts, and the role played by context and nonlinguistic knowledge in the transmission of meaning
    • Discourse analysis, the analysis of language use in texts (spoken, written, or signed)
  2. Based on nonlinguistic factors
    • Applied linguistics, the study of language-related issues applied in everyday life, notably language policies, planning, and education. (Constructed language fits under Applied linguistics.)
    • Biolinguistics, the study of natural as well as human-taught communication systems in animals, compared to human language.
    • Clinical linguistics, the application of linguistic theory to the field of Speech-Language Pathology.
    • Computational linguistics, the study of computational implementations of linguistic structures.
    • Developmental linguistics, the study of the development of linguistic ability in individuals, particularly the acquisition of language in childhood.
    • Evolutionary linguistics, the study of the origin and subsequent development of language by the human species.
    • Historical linguistics or diachronic linguistics, the study of language change over time.
    • Language geography, the study of the geographical distribution of languages and linguistic features.
    • Linguistic typology, the study of the common properties of diverse unrelated languages, properties that may, given sufficient attestation, be assumed to be innate to human language capacity.
    • Template:Neurolinguistics, the study of the structures in the human brain that underlie grammar and communication.
    • Template:Psycholinguistics, the study of the cognitive processes and representations underlying language use.
    • Template:Sociolinguistics, the study of variation in language and its relationship with social factors.
    • Template:Stylistics, the study of linguistic factors that place a discourse in context.


The following topics are related to Linguistics:

Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.